Your eyes have many parts that create your vision by working together. While your brain is involved in vision, it is with your eyes that the complex process of vision begins. Here, you’ll learn about the anatomy of an eye. 


Your cornea is the clear outer layer that covers your pupil and iris. It allows light to enter your eye.


Your pupil is the round opening that appears within the iris of your eye.


This is the colored part of your eye that surrounds the pupil. The iris can make your pupil larger or smaller to allow light in.


The transparent structure behind the pupil and iris is called the lens. This part of your eye can change shape which allows it to bend light so light lands in the right place on your retina, which is located at the back of your eye.


This is a thin layer of cells at the back of your eye. It is here you’ll find photoreceptors called rods and cones which respond to light that lands on them.


Within the macula or center of your retina are light-sensitive nerve cells called cones. These are necessary for focused central vision and allow you to see colors in bright light conditions.


Surrounding the macula are light-sensitive nerve cells called rods. They extend to the edge of your retina. The rods in your eyes give you peripheral (side) vision and help you see at night and in dim light.

Want to Learn More About the Anatomy of an Eye? Contact South Palm Eye Associates!

Not only do we provide the best eye care in and arrond Boynton Beach, but we believe educated patients are empowered patients! If you’d like to learn more about how your eyes work or if you want to schedule an appointment for a complete eye examination, please contact us at 561-737-4040. We look forward to hearing from you!